WE never surrender and will not accept dictations from the US, says Cuba’s Chargé D´affairs in Zambia Francisco Javier Viamontes Correa.
He said no matter how long it could take, Cuba would fight to develop according to its dreams and aspirations, and will continue developing strong relations with third world countries especially with Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean.
Ambassador Correa says as Cuba today observes the 150th anniversary of the beginning of the country’s wars of independence against the colonial Spain, it was proud of its humble contribution to the liberation of African and other countries from colonialism and oppression in support of just and fair causes around the world.
He said the culture of Cuba was a complex mixture of different, often contradicting, factors and influences.
Ambassador Correa explained that the Cuban people and their customs were based on European, African and Amerindian influences and blood, which expresses itself in its character, music, dances and arts, costumes, cuisine, sports, religion and strong traditions and bravery in the long struggle against exploitation and discrimination.
“Based on that rich culture Cuba is proud of its solidarity and friendship with other countries and peoples, and our humble contribution to the liberation of African and other countries from colonialism and oppression in support of just and fair causes around the world,” he said. “At this critical moment Cuba is building a new and better political, economic and social system under socialism, despite the damages and effects of the illegal, unfair and genocidal blockade of the US against Cuba since 1961 and Cuba, with the unanimous support of the international community, continues to demand the lifting of that inhumane policy. We never surrender and don’t accept conditions from the US. We don’t accept US dictations. It doesn’t matter whether it takes two years, three or more years, Cuban people are ready to fight for our dreams and aspiration to build a prosperous nation and future under our own desires, terms, wishes and programmes. We’ll never submit to foreign dictates, instead we shall continue sharing experiences especially with Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, continue with our internationalist solidarity as we have done in the last 60 years.”
Ambassador Correa said October offered two anniversaries in the history of Cuba, the beginning of the country’s wars of independence against Spain October 10, 1868 launched with the rallying cry of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes in La Demajagua and the National Cuban Culture Day, which falls today.
On October 20, 1868, the Cuban National Anthem was first sang in Bayamo after the capitulation of the Spanish forces in that rebel city.
“Our struggle for independence took 30 years; we defeated the Spaniards but the US intervened. From 1902 to 1959, what we call the period of the Republic, we were under neo-colonialism. Cuba was under plural-parties. So may bourgeois political parties sharing and, or fighting for power,” he said. “Then upon the triumph of the Revolution in 1959, all these parties disappeared. Only the Socialist Party, which was progressive remained. Bourgeois parties that were just interested in power, self-enrichment, and not development and uplifting the people’s welfare disappeared.”
Ambassador Correa explained that progressive parties merged into what became the United Revolutionary Socialist Party until 1964 when that grouping converted itself into the Communist Party.
He said Cuba considered culture a very cardinal issue and that the revolution would preserve it for future generations.
“Culture is part of our idiosyncrasy, we are a people, a nation with one langue, one culture, united in defence of our independence, united united under one party for progress, independence and self-determination,” said Ambassador Correa. “Why is this 150th anniversary so important? Why is culture very important? The curious aspect of our independence struggle is that 150 years ago, the majority people in that era, in Cuba, was not Cubans. The majority were foreigners. Slaves from Africa and Spaniards, later came Chinese. Cespedes was born in Cuba but his parents were Spanish, they were adopted Cubans. But Cespedes, a latifundia, freed his slaves and felt Cuba had to be free. He didn’t want Cuba to continue to be a colony of Spain. Armed with machetes, those slaves, from Africa alongside Cespedes started the struggle for independence. This brought a new way of thinking, behaviour and philosophy of life, unity of life, dreams and objectives in life, our mixed culture and unique nationality.”