CUBA says it seeks to globalise cooperation and solidarity, which is why it has more than 50,000 workers in 65 countries and 407,000 Cuban health professionals have provided services in 164 countries on all continents since 1963. First secretary of the Cuban permanent mission to the UN Juan Miguel González Peña told UN General Assembly second committee agenda item, “Globalisation and Interdependence,” that Cuba continued and would always uphold its supreme commitment to equity, social justice and the full development of all peoples and every human being.
González recalled Fidel Castro Ruz, historical leader of the Cuban Revolution, in his speech at the opening session of the South Summit held in Havana in April 2000 saying: “Globalization has been held tight by the patterns of neo-liberalism; thus, it is not development that goes global but poverty; it is not respect for the national sovereignty of our states but the violation of that respect; it is not solidarity amongst peoples but ”every man for himself” in the unequal competition prevailing in the market.”
He told the UN gathering that in an increasingly interconnected and interdependent world that faced growing challenges to the current multilateral order, the role of the United Nations in promoting development and the need for multilateralism “has never been so relevant.”
“We reject the unilateral, protectionist and exclusionary actions of the United States against existing multilateral treaties and agreements, promoting strictly national interests, to the detriment of necessarily global and multilateral solutions to the problems and challenges facing humanity,” González said.
He said a transparent, open, non-discriminatory and inclusive multilateral system that maximises the benefits of globalisation while minimising its costs is indispensable.
González said achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development presupposes recognition of and respect for the diversity of approaches, views and models chosen by each people, taking into account their diverse circumstances, capacities and national priorities.
“We are facing, however, another reality: the development gap that separates the North from the South continues to grow. Global problems such as poverty, chronic hunger, illiteracy, unemployment and death from preventable and curable diseases are perpetuated,” he said.
“The resources to confront these problems exist. What is lacking is the political will to transform this sad reality.”
González said Cuba reiterates the need for a New International Economic Order based on equity, sovereign equality, common benefit and cooperation among all States, to correct current inequalities and injustices and guarantee fair economic and social development for present and future generations.
He said developing countries must therefore achieve technological sovereignty, greater access to financing, investment, capacity-building, creation of infrastructure and transfer of intellectual property and technology.
González said Cuba was struggling and working for its development, subject to the unjust and criminal economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the US against Cuba for almost six decades.
He said it was the most unjust, severe and prolonged system of unilateral sanctions that has ever been applied against any country.
“This policy remains the main obstacle to the development of the Cuban economy and the full enjoyment of all human rights of the Cuban people, posing a serious challenge for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals,” said González. “Nevertheless, Cuba has made significant achievements in its economic and social development, thanks to the efforts of our people and the cooperation provided by sister countries in our region and across the world.”